Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M
Luna 25
Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M
Soyuz 2.1b Fregat-M

Soyuz-2, GRAU index 14A14, is the collective designation for the 21st-century version of the Russian Soyuz rocket. In its basic form, it is a three-stage carrier rocket for placing payloads into low Earth orbit. The first-stage boosters and two core stages feature uprated engines with improved injection systems, compared to the previous versions of the Soyuz. Digital flight control and telemetry systems allow the rocket to be launched from a fixed launch platform, whereas the launch platforms for earlier Soyuz rockets had to be rotated as the rocket could not perform a roll to change its heading in flight.

Manufacturer Progress Rocket Space Center
Thrust 4150kN
Length 46.3m
Diameter 10.3m
LEO Capacity 8200kg
GTO Capacity 3250kg
Launch Cost $49m
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

Type Government
Administrator Administrator: Yuri Borisov
Launch Vehicles Soyuz
Spacecraft Soyuz
Location Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan
Total Launches 402
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