Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat
Glonass-K1 No. 16 (Kosmos 2557)
Glonass Logo Roscosmos

Glonass-K are the third generation of satellite design for GLONASS satellite navigation system. GLONASS is a Russian space-based navigation system comparable to the similar GPS and Galileo systems. This generation improves on accuracy, power consumption and design life. Each satellite is unpressurized and weighs 935 kg, and has an operational lifetime of 10 years.

Mission Type Navigation
Orbit Medium Earth Orbit
Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat
Soyuz 2.1b Fregat

Soyuz-2, GRAU index 14A14, is the collective designation for the 21st-century version of the Russian Soyuz rocket. In its basic form, it is a three-stage carrier rocket for placing payloads into low Earth orbit. The first-stage boosters and two core stages feature uprated engines with improved injection systems, compared to the previous versions of the Soyuz. Digital flight control and telemetry systems allow the rocket to be launched from a fixed launch platform, whereas the launch platforms for earlier Soyuz rockets had to be rotated as the rocket could not perform a roll to change its heading in flight. The Soyuz 2.1b represents the latest development stage of the proven rocket. It uses the new RD-0124 engines in the first three stages, coupled with an improved injection system that significantly boosts the performance of the Soyuz. Furthermore, she wears a new, digital startup control system. This will allow the Soyuz 2.1b to carry around 1.2 tonnes more payload into low earth orbit compared to its predecessor.

Manufacturer Progress Rocket Space Center
Thrust 4150kN
Length 46.3m
Diameter 2.95m
LEO Capacity 8200kg
GTO Capacity 3250kg
Launch Cost $80m
Russian Space Forces
Russian Space Forces

The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.

Type Government
Administrator Aleksandr Golovko
Launch Vehicles None
Spacecraft None
43/4 (43R)
43/4 (43R)
Location Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation
Total Launches 307
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